How to Maintain Your Pet’s Pearly Whites

An Everyday Guide to Dental Health

An apple a day keeps the doctor away. But what keeps the dentist away? More importantly for our purposes, what keeps the veterinary dentist away? An honest answer is that you probably shouldn’t.

February is dental health month and it’s time to put the spotlight on one of the most common diseases that we see in dogs and cats. Did you know that an estimated 85% of pets have dental disease by the age of 3 years?!!

So, what can we do to help prevent dental disease in our pets?

Brush! Brush! Brush!

Think back to this morning and how your mouth felt when you first woke up. Before you brushed your teeth. Now, imagine you didn’t brush. How would your teeth feel? Now, imagine never brushing your teeth. Pretty gross isn’t it?

This is what pets experience throughout their life. Taking 30 seconds to a minute out of your day to brush your pet’s teeth can make a world of difference. Although it’s easier to introduce your pet to this at a young age, it’s possible to start in pets that are older. My previous dog, Piper, was 10 years old when I started brushing her teeth. FYI, she loved it!

Wynter can’t wait to get her teeth brushed every night. My girls line up for it. Notice Ember in the background!

Here’s a few quick tips to help get started:

  • Use a veterinary toothpaste, preferably in a flavor that your pet enjoys. My girls LOVE the poultry flavored toothpaste!
  • Use a toothbrush designed for pets. Small finger brushes work great for cats and small dogs. Longer toothbrushes will help to reach the back teeth in our larger crowd and save our fingers from being chomped!
  • Make it fun for your pet. Praise them throughout, pet them, sing fun little teeth brushing songs (ok, maybe that’s just me) or whatever you can to make it an enjoyable experience.
  • Not sure how to start – check out our Facebook video on teeth brushing. Wynter had a blast making it!

Chew It Up

Dental products containing enzymes to prevent tartar buildup will help maintain a healthy smile.

Let’s face it, not all our pets are going to be tolerant of teeth brushing. I have rarely seen a cat that allows it. Fear not, there are still ways to help maintain dental health.

Your best bet after teeth brushing is to use a quality dental chew. However, not all dental chews are created equal so it’s important to know your product. The most important property of dental chews is the chewing itself. This acts mechanically, almost like a toothbrush. If your pet won’t chew on it, it won’t help.

Some dental chews will have the added benefit of enzymes to help break down the plaque and tartar. These are more effective in helping to maintain dental health. It’s still important for your pet to chew on them for a while to allow those enzymes to do their job.

It’s also important to give dental chews frequently but at the same time making sure we’re not adding extra calories and causing weight gain.

A Good Old-Fashioned Cleaning

Most of us are heading to our dentist about every 6 months for a routine cleaning. Why should we be surprised that our pets, (who are not brushing and flossing daily) would need a cleaning at least every year or so.

I know it sounds scary since our pets must go under general anesthesia for their cleaning, but it will truly help their overall health and wellbeing. So, what happens during a dental cleaning for your pet?

Once your furry friend is under anesthesia the real work begins.

We start with dental x-rays – this allows us to see any evidence of infection or disease at base of the root. This causes discomfort for your pet and if we see disease, then the tooth needs to be removed. Cats, in particular, can have abnormalities where the body reabsorbs the tooth and sometimes this can only be seen on x-ray. Again, this is painful for the cat.

Any teeth that need to be extracted are removed. How we accomplish this depends on a variety of factors including how loose the tooth is, how many roots the particular tooth has, how much the gums have receded as well as several other factors.

The teeth are then cleaned and polished. An ultrasonic scaler is used to clean all the plaque and tartar from the teeth. Once the teeth are clean, they are evaluated for any abnormalities such as pockets under the gumline and, of course, cavities.

Finally, the teeth are polished just as ours are following a cleaning. And yes, we do have multiple flavors from mint to bubblegum to cherry. Although I think our pets would be more appreciative of chicken or peanut butter flavor.

Keep an eye on our Facebook page for a behind the scenes walk through a typical dental cleaning procedure.

Piper’s teeth before her dental cleaning.
Piper’s teeth after cleaning. Notice how irritated her gums were from the tartar.

Dental disease is not a condition that should be ignored. Bacteria from the mouth can cause problems for other organs such as the heart, liver and kidneys. That doesn’t even take into account the mouth pain. I have had several owners tell me they have a whole new dog following a cleaning and extraction of diseased teeth.

Not sure if your furry family member could use a dental cleaning? Stop by Capitol Illini at our Wabash or Chatham locations to have your pet’s teeth evaluated. Since it’s dental health month we’ll be running special dental promotions throughout February. Schedule your furry friend’s cleaning today!

New Year’s Resolution Time

Make Your Pet the Biggest Loser

Happy New Year!! It’s time to get serious about those resolutions. What’s yours? Maybe lose a few pounds, eat healthier, drink more water? This time of year is all about getting healthy and being your best self. This year let’s focus some of that energy on our pets as well.

Did you know that about 56% of dogs and 60% of cats are over-weight to obese? Obesity can lead to a variety of medical problems. Extra weight puts extra stress on the joints leading to arthritis. Obese cats are more prone to developing diabetes which requires insulin injections twice a day to treat. In general, obesity will shorten a pet’s lifespan.

Fit or Fat

Star has excellent body condition. When viewed from the side she has a tucked in waist.

Step one is determining if your pet is a good weight. I’ll be honest, ideal weight is not always the easiest number to determine. Let’s face it, I think we all hate the scale.

It’s a much better determination to evaluate how your pet looks, or what we call body condition. Ideally, your pet should have an hourglass figure when viewed from above and the waist should tuck up when viewed from the side. You should be able to easily feel but not see your furry friend’s ribs.

If your furry family member doesn’t fit these criteria, it’s time to think about a New Year’s resolution for weight loss for Fido or Fluffy.

The Dreaded Diet

I know, it’s a word we all hate but when it comes to weight loss what goes in our mouth really is the most important factor. The same can be said for our pets.

Does your pet get fed a measured amount or is the bowl just kept full all day? I know if I left food out for my girls all the time, they would all be blimps. Especially with multiple pets it’s best to measure their food and separate for feeding.

The best guide for feeding amount is actually already on the back of your food bag! However, keep in mind that the amount listed may be slightly more than your furry friend needs. It all goes back to monitoring that body condition.

My two Labs are about 75 pounds each at a healthy weight. Ember needs 4 cups a day to maintain that weight while Eily unfortunately only gets 2.5 cups daily. It appears Ember won the metabolism lottery!

Treating Them Well

Do you give your furry family member treats?  How many? How often? What about people food?

Did you know that a single potato chip for your dog is equivalent to a person eating two double cheeseburgers?!! The treats really add up to pack on the calories.

Instead, try giving very small treats like Cheerios or simply petting and praising rather than giving treats. Fresh veggies such as carrots, celery or cucumbers can be great treats without adding calories.

Work it Out

The more you move, the more calories you burn! Every little bit of exercise helps. Taking your dog for a walk or a game of fetch can be fun ways for everyone to get a little exercise. Break out the laser pointer for a fun game of chase with your cat or dog. Movement will not only help keep the weight off but will also maintain healthy muscles which is important as pets age.

My Biggest Loser

Meet Honey. Honey is a 4-year old Labrador Retriever. Prior to her adoption in September she was an Amish breeding dog. When Honey first came to live with me, she weighed 88.8 pounds. She was obviously obese and didn’t want to get up and move much.

Honey at 88.8 pounds.

I started her diet plan by checking the feeding recommendations on the back of her food bag. I fed based on a weight less than what she already weighed.

I’ll be honest, I don’t give my dogs a lot of treats. They do get lots of hugs and pets though. My girls typically get a small milk bone once a day in the afternoon. When they have to go in their kennels they get a small Kong toy filled with yogurt and Cheerios.

I instituted a strict exercise program. Just kidding. I play fetch with my girls every day weather permitting. It was great to see Honey run with the rest of the girls! She loves to play fetch. We’re still working on the part where she gives me back the ball though.

I spayed Honey about a month after her adoption and at that point she had lost 12.6 pounds. To date, Honey has lost a total of 21 pounds! She now has a perfect body condition with an hourglass figure and tucked in waist. I have increased her feeding amount slightly to maintain her current weight.

Honey at 67 pounds. Note the tucked in waist!

This time of year is perfect time to start a weight loss program for your pet. Best of all, if it’s your resolution to be more active and get healthy it’s something you can do with your furry friend.

At Capitol Illini in Springfield and Chatham we are always happy to help with your pet’s weight loss needs. Stop in today so we can calculate a weight loss plan to help your furry family member be the biggest loser this year!